Subtopics: Why were women often an ‘issue’ or ‘problem’ for nationalism? What role(s) did women play in anti-colonial struggles? Are feminism and anti-colonialism nationalism complementary, or contradictory? *Note: this is not the topic or essay question, this is a subtopic. Main theme is: Why and how did the ‘woman question’ loom large in anti-colonial thought? focus on a historical/national case : EGYPT READINGS: Deniz Kandiyoti, “Identity and its Discontents: Women and the Nation”, in Patrick Williams and Laura Chrisman (eds), Colonial Discourse and Postcolonial Theory: A Reader, Harverster Wheatsheaf 1993. Nupur Chaudhuri and Margaret Strobel (eds), Western Women and Imperialism: Complicity and Resistance, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1992. Lewis Gordon et al (eds), Fanon: A Critical Reader, Wiley-Blackwell 1996 (chapters in Part IV). Nigel Gibson, Frantz Fanon: The Postcolonial Imagination, Polity 2003 (ch. 5). Hussein Abdilahi Bulhan,. Frantz Fanon and the Psychology of Oppression, New York: Plenum Press, 1985 (reprinted 2007), ch. 7. Deniz Kandiyoti (ed), Women, Islam and the State, Palgrave Macmillan 1991. Lila Abu-Lughod (ed), Remaking Women: Feminism and Modernity in the Middle East, Princeton University Press 1998. Margot Badran, Feminists, Islam and Nation: Gender and the Making of Modern Egypt, Princeton University Press 1995. Beth Baron, The Women’s Awakening in Egypt: Culture, Society and the Press, Yale UP 1994. Beth Baron, Egypt as a Woman: Nationalism, Gender and Politics, Berkeley: University of California Press 2005. Parvin Paidar, Women and the Political Process in Twentieth-Century Iran, CUP 1995. Leila Ahmed, Women and Gender in Islam: Historical Roots of a Modern Debate, Yale UP 1993. Sumit Sarkar and Tanika Sarkar (eds), Women and Social Reform in Modern India: A Reader, Bloomington: Indiana University Press 2008 Tanika Sarkar, Hindu Wife, Hindu Nation, Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 2001, Kumari Jayawardena, The White Woman’s Other Burden: Western Women and South Asia during British Colonial Rule, Routledge 1995 Antoinette Burton, Burdens of History: British Feminists, Indian Women, and Imperial Culture, 1865-1915, University of North Carolina Press, 1994. Antoinette Burton (ed), Gender, Sexuality and Colonial Modernities, Routledge 1999. K. Gabriel, “Close Encounters of an Imperial Kind: Gandhi, Gender, and Anti-colonialism”, Gender, Sexuality and Feminism Journal. 1:1 (2013), pp. 53–65. T. Denean Sharpley-Whiting, Frantz Fanon: Conflicts and Feminisms, Rowman & Littlefield 1997. Geraldine Forbes, Women in Modern India, Cambridge UP 1996. Sanjay Seth, Subject Lessons: The Western Education of Colonial India, Duke UP, 2007, chapter 5. Madhu Kishwar, “Gandhi and Women’s Role in the Struggle for Swaraj”, in Sekhar Bandyopadhyay (ed), Nationalist Movement in India: A Reader, New Delhi: OUP 2009. Philippa Levine (ed.), Gender and empire, OUP 2007 (new edition). Anne McClintock, “Family Feuds: Gender, Nationalism and the Family”, Feminist Review. 44 (Summer 1993). Anne McClintock, Imperial Leather: Race, Gender, and Sexuality in the Colonial Contest, Routledge 1995. Madhu Dubey, “The ‘True Lie’ of the Nation: Fanon and Feminism”, differences, Vol. 10, No. 2 (1998) pp. 1–29. *Fanon, “Algeria Unveiled”, in his A Dying Colonialism, Monthly Review Press, 1965, pp. 35-67. *Sanjay Seth, “Nationalism, Modernity and the ‘Woman Question’ in India and China”, Journal of Asian Studies, 72:2 (May 2013). *Partha Chatterjee, “The Nationalist Resolution of the Women’s Question”, in Kumkum Sangari and Sudesh Vaid (eds), Recasting Women, Rutgers University Press, 1990 [this also appears, with some variations, as a chapter in Chatterjee’s The Nation and its Fragments].